What Was India Like Before The British?

What was India before British rule?

British RajIndia• Indian Independence Act18 July 1947• Partition of India14 and 15 August 1947CurrencyIndian rupeePreceded by Succeeded by 1858: Company rule in India Mughal Empire 1893: Emirate of Afghanistan 1937: Colony of Burma 1947: Dominion of India Dominion of Pakistan32 more rows.

Was India rich before British rule?

Britain ruled India for about 200 years, a period that was marred with extreme poverty and famine. … In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.

What was India referred to by the British?

The British viewed India as its most valuable colony. … These included things like spices, textiles, cotton, and the opium that the British would sell in China to be able to buy tea. Because India had so many people and so much wealth, it was the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire.

Who looted India most?

Emperor Nader Shah, the Shah of Persia (1736–47) and the founder of the Afsharid dynasty of Persia, invaded Northern India, eventually attacking Delhi in March 1739.

Who named country India?

The name “India” is originally derived from the name of the river Sindhu (Indus River) and has been in use in Greek since Herodotus (4th century BCE). The term appeared in Old English as early the 9th century and reemerged in Modern English in the 17th century.

What made British to leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Was India peaceful before the British?

In the seventeenth century the English trade expanded and this period was known as the period of relative peace between East India Company and the Mughals, but this peace was not maintained. … This was not the end of British military actions in India but this is an example of use of force in early period of colonization.

Which was the richest country in 1700?

By 1700, Mughal India had become the world’s largest economy, ahead of Qing China and Western Europe, containing approximately 24.2% of the World’s population, and producing about a quarter of world output. Mughal India produced about 25% of global industrial output into the early 18th century.

Does England still own India?

Independence came in 1947 with the Partition of India into the dominions of India and Pakistan, within the Commonwealth of Nations. … In 1950 India became a republic and the link with the British crown was severed. The Dominion was part of the Sterling Area (the Republic of India finally leaving in 1966).

Is India still under Queen Elizabeth?

India abolished the role of the constitutional monarchy and became a federal, democratic republic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950; henceforth celebrated as Republic Day.

Why did the British want India?

The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium.

What would have happened if British never left India?

The Indian textile industry was almost destroyed and our raw materials were used to manufacture textiles in England which were sold back to us along with the rest of the world. … Therefore, India could have been the largest exporters of textiles in the world had their ways not been curbed by the British.